What are cannabinoids?
Cannabinoids are found in all variations of the cannabis plant. Among these are CBD and THC, along with over a hundred others which scientists have discovered naturally occurring within different cannabis strains. However, CBD is most prevalent in the hemp variant of the cannabis plant.
The difference is crucial. Many people assume that “cannabis” refers to marijuana, a drug rich in the psychoactive chemical called “THC.”
In reality, cannabis is just a genus of plants, which branches into different versions – marijuana and hemp being two examples.
Hemp only has trace amounts of THC, usually less than 0.3%, making it non-psychoactive.
Because it doesn’t get you “high,” it’s not treated as a controlled substance by the federal and state governments.
In fact, hemp is used in a variety of nutritional health supplements and industrial products like rope and textiles.
Hemp also has the power to extract heavy metals and toxic pollutants out of the soil in a process called Phytoremediation. Application of this technique is not only useful after a nuclear disaster, but in many real world examples of polluted soils. This makes it more important for the consumers to understand the source of their CBD products. At DENEX, we only work with local farmers that have verified third party testing.
Full Spectrum? … Broad Spectrum? … Distillate? … Isolate? … T-Free? Making sense of it all.
Full spectrum CBD
Full spectrum CBD is an extract that contains all compounds found naturally occurring in the plant, including terpenes, oils, and other cannabinoids.
The full spectrum of cannabinoids, terpenes, and oils extracted from the plant work together to magnify the therapeutic benefits of each individual cannabinoid. This is commonly referred to as the “entourage effect“.
It was previously believed that CBD in its isolated form was more effective than Full Spectrum CBD; however, in 2005, this theory was debunked by a study from the Lautenberg Center for General Tumor Immunology in Jerusalem.
In the study, researchers found that test subjects administered with full spectrum CBD were provided with higher levels of relief, compared to subjects administered with CBD isolate. In addition, the results showed that full spectrum CBD provided enhanced effects with higher dosages, while the effects of CBD maintained consistent with increased dosages.
Broad Spectrum aka T-Free Distillate CBD
Broad spectrum CBD is Full Spectrum CBD without the THC (T-Free).
Like Full Spectrum CBD, the other compounds found within the plant are preserved in the extract; however, THC is completely removed for those that govern by strict THC regulations or have to adhere to a drug screening.
Because Broad Spectrum CBD contains multiple cannabinoids, it can still deliver the enhanced benefits of the “entourage effect,” without the risk of THC in the system.
CBD Isolate is just CBD compound by itself. This is the purest form of CBD, in which all other plant compounds and cannabinoids have been completely removed. This is good for individuals that do not want any THC and have adverse reaction to other cannabinoids.
|How||This is the oil extracted from the plant. It is darker in color and very viscous with a stronger grassy smell.||Distillate is the more refined and filtered version of crude. It has a honey color and consistency.||This is distillate with THC removed while still preserved most of the minor cannabinoids.||This is the purest form of CBD, in which all other plant compounds and cannabinoids have been completely removed. CBD isolate is a white powder.|
|CBD %||50-70% total cannabinoids||70-95%||70-95%||99+% (no minors)|
|Uses||At this stage, it still has ethanol and is usually not ready for consumption. Some believe in using the refined crude as it is more beneficial; the whole-plant movement.||Most full spectrum products are made with distillate.||Products that are marketed toward those that believe in the "entourage effect" but undergo drug screening tests or hesitant regarding THC.||Isolate powder is easily be consumed by adding to variety of products.|
Top 3 Cannabinoids
CBD has gained popularity recently due to its potential health benefits without the psychoactive effect. Learn how DENEX can help your business get started with CBD products.
CBG is the new and exciting cannabinoid that gets a lot of attention as it is thought to elicit its therapeutic effects directly though interaction with the CB1 and CB2 cannabinoid receptors in the brain.
CBN can be used effectively as a sleep aid or sedative. This cannabinoid has also been shown to help regulate the immune system and works to relieve pain and inflammation.
The Supporting Cast
Delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, is the main psychoactive compound in marijuana that gives the high sensation. THC is the oldest and most recognizable cannabinoid but due to its legality, we do not sell any THC products that is not compliant (>0.3%). THC can be consumed by smoking marijuana. It’s also available in oils, edibles, tinctures, capsules, and more. When in the body, CBD and THC interact with cannabinoid receptors to help treat or limit the effects of various conditions.
Effects and Benefits
THC has potential uses in treating some of the following:
- muscle spasticity
- low appetite
Cannabichromene, or CBC, is a powerful, non-psychoactive cannabinoid, meaning it will not cause a patient to feel “high.” CBC, like THC and CBD, has been shown to encourage the human brain to grow by increasing the viability of developing brain cells in a process known as neurogenesis. CBC plays a significant role in the anti-cancer and anti-tumor capabilities of cannabis.
CBC battles inflammation as well, but without activating any of the endocannabinoid receptors in the body. For this reason, the healing powers of CBC increase significantly when combined with other cannabinoids, like THC or CBD, which do activate endocannabinoid receptors in the brain and throughout the body.
Effects and Benefits
Research has shown that CBC is effective in the treatment of a variety of symptoms and conditions. Examples of conditions for which CBC is particularly effective in providing symptom relief are listed below:
- Irritable bowel syndrome
- Crohn’s disease
- Chronic post-operative pain
Cannabidivarin (CBDV) is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid that will not cause the euphoric feeling of being “high.” It is found more prevalently in indica strains, specifically landrace indica strains, and strains that are lower in tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
Like CBD, CBDV significantly reduces the frequency and severity of seizures. It also reduces or even eliminates nausea associated with several conditions, and helps to reduce inflammation throughout the body. CBDV is also beneficial in the treatment of pain and mood disorders.
Effects and Benefits
Research has shown that CBDV is effective in the treatment of a variety of symptoms and conditions. Examples of conditions for which CBDV is particularly effective in providing symptom relief are listed below:
- Multiple Sclerosis